Pan-European Personal Pension Product (PEPP)

What is PEPP?

The pan-European Personal Pension Product (PEPP) is a voluntary personal pension scheme that offers EU citizens a new option to save for retirement. The PEPP pension scheme is complementary to existing national pension regimes.

What are the key features of PEPP?

  • Possibility to switch providers every five years, at capped costs
  • Mobility: savers will be able to continue saving in the same product even when they change residence in the EU
  • Full transparency on the product, including on costs and fees – relevant information will be disclosed via a simple Key Information Document (KID) supplied before the purchase, complemented by a personalised pension benefits statement during the product lifetime
  • Affordable default investment option (Basic PEPP): costs capped at 1% of the accumulated capital per annum
  • Protection of the capital invested: the Basic PEPP will safeguard the consumers’ invested capital

Where does PEPP fit in the pensions regime?

PEPP is a personal pension product (pillar three). As such, it is independent from existing state-based pensions (pillar one) and from occupational pension systems (pillar two).

Who can provide a PEPP?

PEPPs can be offered by a range of financial institutions:

  • credit institutions
  • insurance undertakings engaged in direct life insurance
  • institutions for occupational retirement provision (IORPs) which are authorised and supervised to provide also personal pension products
  • investment firms providing portfolio management
  • investment companies or management companies
  • EU alternative investment fund managers (EU AIFM)

What PEPP providers and products are currently available in the EU?

The legal basis for the offering of PEPP becomes applicable on 22 March 2022. As of this date, eligible providers can submit an application for registration of a PEPP to the relevant national competent authority. The authority then has three months to make a decision as to whether the PEPP meets the criteria and whether it can be registered or not.

EIOPA has carried out a survey to better understand the potential take-up of PEPP by eligible providers in February 2022. In total, 21 entities reported to EIOPA that they consider to offer a PEPP. Those entities were mainly asset managers and insurance undertakings.

This implies that it’s likely to assume that there will be PEPPs available soon, but it will take some more time. Check the EIOPA central register to have an overview of all PEPPs offered in the EU, to search for PEPPs which meet your demands, to analyse them and to compare them.

FAQs on PEPP for consumers

You are a consumer and you would like to learn more about PEPP?

Read the FAQs

FAQs on PEPP for professionals

You are a professional and you would like to learn more about PEPP?

Read the FAQs

What is EIOPA’s role in PEPP?

The PEPP Regulation empowers EIOPA to:

  • Develop technical standards around reporting to the supervisors about PEPP providers and products to enable consistency and transparency
  • Register new PEPPs in a central register. EIOPA will provide for a central database to get information on all PEPPs in Europe. Once registered, the providers can distribute their products in all European Union countries. 
  • Monitor the evolution of the market with strong monitoring powers to enable an efficient PEPP market.
  • Issue a temporary ban or restriction of the marketing, distribution or sale of specific PEPPs within the whole EU, under certain conditions.

Legal provisions

Regulation

Guidelines

EIOPA’s proposal to the European Commission

Legal instruments and its technical advice:

Other documents of the proposal:

Register of national laws, regulations and administrative provisions

The PEPP Regulation requires EIOPA to publish a single electronic register of links to the text of the national laws, regulations and administrative provisions governing the conditions related to the accumulation phase and the conditions related to the decumulation phase including, where applicable, information about additional procedures for applying for advantages and incentives set at national level.

Register of national laws, regulations and administrative provisions regarding PEPP

Background: how PEPP came to life

Aiming to deliver adequate, safe and sustainable pensions to its citizens, the European Commission asked EIOPA in 2013 to draw out the potential of an EU single market for personal pension schemes outside the occupational pension framework. This work resulted in the publication of a preliminary report in 2014 Towards an EU single market for personal pensions.

Subsequently, the European Commission called EIOPA technical advice on the framework necessary to develop an EU single market for personal pension products (PPP) in 2014. In 2016, EIOPA submitted its advice recommending the creation of a standardised Pan-European Personal Pension Product (PEPP)  Advice on the development of an EU Single Market for personal pension products (PPP), in the form of a complementary regime alongside national regimes. EIOPA proposed the PEPP as being an option to promote the Single Market and to strengthen the regulatory framework for the benefit of protection of consumers.

Following EIOPA’s advice, the European Commission published in 2017 a proposal for a regulation on a PEPP. The proposal was accompanied by a recommendation to the Member States on the tax treatment of personal pension products including the PEPP. The legislative proposal was discussed and further developed by the co-legislators.

The PEPP Regulation was published on 25 July 2019, with entry into force on 14 August 2019.

In August 2020, EIOPA delivered to the European Commission the draft Regulatory and Implementing Technical Standards and advice on Delegated Acts for the design and delivery of the PEPP.

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