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European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority
General publications

Criteria for the independence of supervisory authorities


Publication date
13 September 2021


The independence of supervisory authorities is crucial for the legitimacy and credibility of the supervisory process. For public bodies, independence and good governance are necessary to avoid possible conflicts of interest and to reduce the likelihood of undue external influence on supervisory decisions.

The criteria provide clarity for supervisory authorities on EIOPA’s expectations. Taking on board the relevant articles in the Solvency II and IORP II Directive, international standards and supervisory experiences, they specify further the principles of operational, financial and personal independence as well as transparency and accountability.


31 JANUARY 2023
Criteria for the independence of supervisory authorities
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