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European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority
General publications

Warning to consumers on the risks of crypto-assets


Publication date
16 March 2022


The European Supervisory Authorities (EBA, ESMA and EIOPA – the ESAs) warn consumers that many crypto-assets are highly risky and speculative. The ESAs set out key steps consumers can take to ensure they make informed decisions.

This warning comes in the context of growing consumer activity and interest in crypto-assets and the aggressive promotion of those assets and related products to the public, including through social media.


31 JANUARY 2023
ESAs warning on crypto-assets
(186.65 KB - PDF)