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European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority
News article4 April 2022

EIOPA launches climate stress test for the European occupational pension sector


The European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority (EIOPA) has launched today its first climate stress test to gain insights into the effects of environmental risks on the European occupational pension sector. Sustainability and the management of environmental risks have become key considerations for long-term investors and in particular for European institutions for occupational retirement provision (IORPs).

The 2022 IORP stress test is testing the resilience of European IORPs against a climate change scenario, which was developed together with the European Systemic Risk Board and the European Central Bank. It reflects a sudden, disorderly transition to climate neutrality due to delayed policy action, which results in a sharp rise in carbon prices. This abrupt carbon price increase triggers transition risk effects to the entire economy.

The stress test focuses on the impact on IORPs’ investments, yet also addresses the effects on IORPs’ financial situation, including the financing by sponsoring undertakings. Therefore, the climate change scenario is applied to the balance sheet - both national valuations and the common balance sheet. The scenario sets out sector-specific shocks that provide insights into the IORPs’ investment portfolios, reflecting the corresponding impairment of the investments, broken down by the most relevant sectors and business activities.

The exercise also includes two specific questionnaires, one to request information following up on the ESG analysis of the 2019 IORP stress test, and another one to allow an analysis to identify and understand the potential effects of inflation on members’ and beneficiaries’ retirement income, focusing on the extent to which scheme characteristics and national frameworks provide for mitigating measures or adaptations to protect against inflation.

Participating IORPs are invited to EIOPA’s launch event on 7th April 2022 and can make use of a dedicated EIOPA Q&A process by contacting their national competent authorities.

The results of the stress test are expected to be published in December 2022.


According to Article 32 of Regulation (EU) No 1094/2010 (EIOPA Regulation), EIOPA has to initiate and coordinate Union-wide assessments of the resilience of financial institutions to adverse market developments. In such assessments, EIOPA should consider the effects of economic scenarios on the IORP’s financial position, taking into account specificities of the scheme types, i.e. defined benefit (DB) and defined contribution (DC), for the effects on the financial position of the IORPs and on the members and beneficiaries of IORPs. Hereby, EIOPA is mandated to assess the potential impact posed by IORPs on financial stability and the real economy. Further, environmental risks and their effects on the financial stability of the IORP sector should be analysed.

The stress test exercise is accompanied by a dedicated Q&A process from 13th April to 16th May 2022. Q&As will be regularly published on EIOPA’s website.

The participating IORPs are expected to complete the exercise and submit the results to the relevant national competent authority by 13th June 2022.


Publication date
4 April 2022