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European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority
News article14 May 20241 min read

EIOPA Insurance Risk Dashboard flags market risks for insurers amid market volatility and declining real estate prices


The European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority (EIOPA) published today its May 2024 Insurance Risk Dashboard, which shows that risks in the EU’s insurance sector are stable and overall at medium levels, with pockets of vulnerabilities stemming from market uncertainty and potential risks in the real estate sector.

On macro risks, while some forward-looking indicators have eased and point to positive developments, GDP growth remains relatively low by historical standards. Credit risks are steady following a slight decrease in credit default swaps spreads. Nevertheless, credit risks require close monitoring as insurers maintain a high exposure to sovereign and corporate bonds. Market risks pose challenges driven by market volatility and declining commercial real estate prices in the first half of 2023.

Liquidity and funding risks remain stable at a medium level, yet lapse rates have increased at the end of last year and are being closely monitored. Profitability and solvency risks are also stable at a medium level, with improved returns in end-2023 compared to 2022 and overall stable solvency ratios in Q4-2023 compared to previous quarters of 2023.

Insurers’ interlinkages and imbalances with other parts of the financial system are closely watched. Insurers’ exposure to financial activities other than banking and insurance increased slightly in the last quarter of 2023.  Regarding insurance risks, premium growth has been positive for both life and non-life segments and there was a slight deterioration in the median loss ratio.

ESG-related risks are stable with no signs of relevant changes in the indicators monitoring transition and physical risks.

The materiality of Digitalisation & Cyber risks in the first quarter of 2024 as assessed by insurance supervisors slightly increased, as well as the indicator on cyber negative sentiment.

Go to the Risk Dashboard


This Insurance Risk Dashboard, based on Solvency II data, summarises the main risks and vulnerabilities in the European Union’s insurance sector through a set of risk indicators from the fourth quarter of 2023 and end-2022. The data is based on financial stability and prudential reporting collected from 92 insurance groups and 2175 solo insurance undertakings. The Solvency II information is complemented with market data with cut-off date end-March 2024.


Publication date
14 May 2024