Sustainable finance

Sustainability issues pose risks and opportunities to the insurance and pension sectors

Climate change, environmental and social risks can have an important impact on human, social and economic life. If not managed properly, they can pose material risks to the assets and liabilities of insurers and pension providers.

At the same time, the insurance and pensions sector can play an important role in the mitigation and adaptation to climate change or sustainability risks, through their investments, products and services. Given their role as society’s risk managers and important long-term investors, insurers and pension funds have a unique opportunity and responsibility to address sustainability-related challenges and facilitate the transition to a more sustainable and resilient economy.

What are EIOPA’s main areas of activity?

Through its work on sustainable finance, EIOPA aims to ensure that (re)insurers and occupational pension funds integrate sustainability risks in their risk management to protect consumers and secure financial stability. In doing so, EIOPA aims to ensure that insurers and pension funds can continue to offer relevant and affordable risk management solutions against natural catastrophes or old age poverty.

EIOPA’s activities on sustainable finance reflect the need for global action to enable decisive progress on the transition to a more sustainable economy. Sustainable finance is a strategic priority area in EIOPA’s work programme 2022-2024, and the Commission’s Strategy for financing the transition to a sustainable economy encapsulates work by EIOPA in delivering on the Green Deal.

In line with EIOPA’s founding regulation and sectoral regulation on insurance and occupation pensions,  EIOPA’s 7 key areas of activity on sustainable finance for 2022-2024 are the following:

  1. Integrate ESG risks in the prudential framework of insurers and pension funds
  2. Consolidate the macro/microprudential risk assessment of ESG risks
  3. Promote sustainability disclosures and a sustainable conduct of business framework
  4. Support supervision of ESG risks and supervisory convergence in the EU
  5. Address protection gaps
  6. Promote the use of open source modelling and data in relation to climate change risks
  7. Contribute to international convergence for the assessment and management of sustainability risks

Download the sustainable finance activities 2022-2024

How to stay informed about our work?

EIOPA organizes regular Roundtables on Sustainable Finance to discuss past and upcoming work and the vital role that insurance and pensions play in strengthening society’s resilience to sustainability risks.

Our roundtables gather participants from Stakeholder Groups, the European Commission, representatives of the insurance and pensions, asset management and rating industries, and representatives of consumers associations and civil society.

Roundtables are public events and registrations are open to everyone.

Check  the events calendar 

Cooperation on sustainable finance

Climate change does not stop at borders. As a member of the Network for Greening the Financial System (NGFS), the Sustainable Insurance Forum (SIF) and the International Association of Insurance Supervisors (IAIS), EIOPA cooperates with European and international supervisory and standard-setting bodies to establish convergent supervisory practices for  sustainability risks in the financial services sector.

EIOPA’s deliverables on sustainable finance

Find out more about our work in this area. Here below search for news, reports, consultations, as well as speeches, interviews and events in the area of sustainable finance.

ORSA | Scenario analysis | Sustainability

Consultation on the draft Opinion on the supervision of the use of climate change risk scenarios in ORSA

The consultation is a follow-up to last year’s Opinion on Sustainability within Solvency II , which recommended that (re)insurers consider climate risks beyond the one-year time horizon through the system of governance, risk-management system and the Own Risk and Solvency Assessment (ORSA). The...
ORSA | Scenario analysis | Sustainability

Consultation on the draft Opinion on the supervision of the use of climate change risk scenarios in ORSA

The consultation is a follow-up to last year’s Opinion on Sustainability within Solvency II , which recommended that (re)insurers consider climate risks beyond the one-year time horizon through the system of governance, risk-management system and the Own Risk and Solvency Assessment (ORSA). The...
Risk assessment | Supervision

EIOPA launches consultation on Supervisory Statement on the use of risk mitigation techniques by insurance and reinsurance undertakings

Today, the European Insurance and Occupational Pension Authority (EIOPA) launched a consultation on EIOPA’s Supervisory Statement on the use of risk mitigation techniques by insurance and reinsurance undertakings. The aim of this statement is to promote supervisory convergence on the assessment of...
COVID-19 | Risk assessment

EU financial regulators assess risks to the financial sector after the outbreak of COVID-19 and call for enhanced cooperation

The three European Supervisory Authorities (EBA, EIOPA and ESMA - ESAs) have issued their first joint risk assessment Report of the financial sector since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. The Report highlights how the pandemic has led to further amplified profitability concerns across the...
COVID-19 | Risk assessment

Report on risks and vulnerabilities in the EU financial system

The outbreak of the Coronavirus has brought huge social disruptions and unprecedented economic challenges, with inevitable impact on the EU financial sector. Valuation, liquidity, credit and solvency risks have increased across the board. While liquidity positions of EU banks remained relatively...
Sustainability | Disclosure

Survey on product disclosure templates under the Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation

The European Supervisory Authorities (ESAs) welcome comments on this survey setting out the details of the presentation of the information to be disclosed pursuant to Article 8(3), Article 9(5) and Article 11(4) of the Regulation (EU) 2019/2088 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27...
Sustainability | Disclosure

Survey on product disclosure templates under the Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation

The European Supervisory Authorities (ESAs) welcome comments on this survey setting out the details of the presentation of the information to be disclosed pursuant to Article 8(3), Article 9(5) and Article 11(4) of the Regulation (EU) 2019/2088 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27...
Taxonomy | Sustainability | Financial stability

The EU sustainable finance taxonomy from the perspective of the insurance and reinsurance sector

This article investigates how much investment held by insurers may be eligible to the EU sustainable finance taxonomy. To this aim, Solvency II item-by-item investment data is employed. As part of the Green Deal, the Commission presented the European Green Deal Investment Plan, which will mobilize...
Taxonomy | Sustainability | Financial stability

The EU sustainable finance taxonomy from the perspective of the insurance and reinsurance sector

This article investigates how much investment held by insurers may be eligible to the EU sustainable finance taxonomy. To this aim, Solvency II item-by-item investment data is employed. As part of the Green Deal, the Commission presented the European Green Deal Investment Plan, which will mobilize...
Shared resilience solutions | Protection gap | Sustainability

Issues Paper on resilience solutions for pandemics

The paper recognises that private insurance solutions alone will not be sufficient to protect society against the financial consequences of future pandemics. Solutions will require both public and private sector involvement, and build on the following four key elements: Proper risk assessment Risk...
Shared resilience solutions | Protection gap | Sustainability

Issues Paper on resilience solutions for pandemics

The paper recognises that private insurance solutions alone will not be sufficient to protect society against the financial consequences of future pandemics. Solutions will require both public and private sector involvement, and build on the following four key elements: Proper risk assessment Risk...
Shared resilience solutions | Protection gap | Sustainability

Issues Paper on resilience solutions for pandemics

The paper recognises that private insurance solutions alone will not be sufficient to protect society against the financial consequences of future pandemics. Solutions will require both public and private sector involvement, and build on the following four key elements: Proper risk assessment Risk...
Shared resilience solutions | Protection gap | Sustainability

Insurance against pandemic risk: EIOPA identifies options for shared resilience solutions

Today the European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority (EIOPA) published its Issues Paper highlighting options for developing shared resilience solutions for pandemic risk. The paper recognises that private insurance solutions alone will not be sufficient to protect society against the...
Shared resilience solutions | Protection gap | Sustainability

Insurance against pandemic risk: EIOPA identifies options for shared resilience solutions

Today the European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority (EIOPA) published its Issues Paper highlighting options for developing shared resilience solutions for pandemic risk. The paper recognises that private insurance solutions alone will not be sufficient to protect society against the...
Shared resilience solutions | Protection gap | Sustainability

Insurance against pandemic risk: EIOPA identifies options for shared resilience solutions

Today the European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority (EIOPA) published its Issues Paper highlighting options for developing shared resilience solutions for pandemic risk. The paper recognises that private insurance solutions alone will not be sufficient to protect society against the...
Sustainability

EIOPA responds to the European Commission’s consultation on a renewed sustainable finance strategy

The European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority (EIOPA) submitted today its response to the consultation of the European Commission on a renewed sustainable finance strategy. The aim of the European Commission’s strategy is to increase private investment in sustainable projects and...
Sustainability

ESA's letter to Vice-President Dombrovskis on the Consultation on a Renewed Sustainable Finance Strategy

The European Supervisory Authorities (ESAs) welcome the European Commission’s consultation on a Renewed Sustainable Finance Strategy as part of its European Green Deal. The ESAs support the Commission’s ambition to strengthen the European policy framework to enhance the resilience of the financial...
Stress test | Sustainability

Second Discussion Paper on Methodological Principles of Insurance Stress Testing

This second Discussion Paper is structured in three sections addressing the following topics: Stress test framework on climate change Approach to liquidity stress testing Multi-period framework for the bottom-up insurance stress testing The Discussion Paper is open for comments until Friday, 2...
Sustainability | Disclosure of adverse impacts

Joint Consultation concerning environmental, social and governance (ESG) disclosures

The European Supervisory Authorities (ESAs) invite comments on all matters in this consultation paper on ESG disclosures under Regulation (EU) 2019/2088 on sustainability-related disclosures in the financial sector (hereinafter “SFDR”) and in particular on the specific questions summarised in...
Sustainability | Disclosure of adverse impacts

Joint Consultation concerning environmental, social and governance (ESG) disclosures

The European Supervisory Authorities (ESAs) invite comments on all matters in this consultation paper on ESG disclosures under Regulation (EU) 2019/2088 on sustainability-related disclosures in the financial sector (hereinafter “SFDR”) and in particular on the specific questions summarised in...
Risk assessment | Sustainability | Financial stability

Financial Stability Report December 2018

Risk assessment | Sustainability | Financial stability

Financial Stability Report December 2018

Risk assessment | Sustainability

Potential undue short-term pressure from financial markets

Risk assessment | Sustainability

Potential undue short-term pressure from financial markets

Sustainability

Summaries of EIOPA's roundtables on sustainable finance

Go to the event page to see all the summaries and presentations of the 4th Sustainable Finance Roundtable that took place in December 2020.
Protection gap | Sustainability

Discussion paper on the protection gap for natural catastrophes

Protection gap | Sustainability

Discussion paper on the protection gap for natural catastrophes

Risk assessment | Solvency II | Sustainability | ESG stewardship | IDD | Governance

Technical advice on the integration of sustainability risks and factors in Solvency II and the Insurance Distribution Directive

Risk assessment | Solvency II | Sustainability | ESG stewardship | IDD | Governance

Technical advice on the integration of sustainability risks and factors in Solvency II and the Insurance Distribution Directive